|Born||Frances Elizabeth Kent
November 20, 1918
Fort Dodge, Iowa
|Died||September 18, 1986
|Known for||Silkscreen, serigraphy|
Corita Kent (November 20, 1918 – September 18, 1986), aka Sister Mary Corita Kent, was born Frances Elizabeth Kent in Fort Dodge, Iowa. Kent was an American Catholic nun, an artist, and an educator who worked in Los Angeles and Boston.
She worked almost exclusively with silkscreen, or serigraphy, helping to establish it as a fine art medium. Her artwork, with its messages of love and peace, was particularly popular during the social upheavals of the 1960s and 1970s. Kent designed the 1985 United States Postal Service's annual "love" stamp.
Upon entering the Roman Catholic order of Sisters of the Immaculate Heart of Mary in Los Angeles in 1936, Kent took the name Sister Mary Corita. She took classes at Otis (now Otis College of Art and Design) and Chouinard Art Institute and earned her BA from Immaculate Heart College in 1941. She earned her MA at the University of Southern California in Art History in 1951. Between 1938 and 1968 Kent lived and worked in the Immaculate Heart Community. She taught in the Immaculate Heart College and was the chair of its art department. She left the order in 1968 and moved to Boston, where she devoted herself to making art. She died of cancer in 1986.
Her classes at Immaculate Heart were an avant-garde mecca for prominent, ground-breaking artists and inventors, such as Alfred Hitchcock, John Cage, Saul Bass, Buckminster Fuller and Charles & Ray Eames.
Kent credited Charles Eames, Buckminster Fuller, and art historian Alois Schardt for their important roles in her intellectual and artistic growth.
Kent created several hundred serigraph designs, for posters, book covers, and murals. Her work includes the 1985 Love Stamp and Rainbow Swash (1971), the 150-foot (46 m)-high natural gas tank in the Dorchester neighborhood of Boston.
Some of Corita Kent's most recent solo exhibitions include: Someday is Now: The Art of Corita Kent at the Tang Museum at Skidmore College, There Will Be New Rules Next Week at Dundee Contemporary Arts, and R(ad)ical Love: Sister Mary Corita at the National Museum of Women in the Arts.
Corita Kent's estate is represented by the Corita Art Center, Immaculate Heart Community, Los Angeles, CA.
Corita Kent began using popular culture as raw material for her work in 1962. Her screen prints often incorporated the archetypical product of brands of American consumerism alongside spiritual texts. Her design process involved appropriating an original advertising graphic to suit her idea; for example, she would tear, rip, or crumble the image, then re-photograph it. She often used grocery store signage, texts from scripture, newspaper clippings, song lyrics, and writings from literary greats such as Gertrude Stein, E. E. Cummings, and Albert Camus as the textual focal point of her work.
Sister Corita produced her oeuvre during her time at Immaculate Heart College in Los Angeles in response to the Catholic reform in the 1960s by the Vatican Council II as well as several political and social issues happening at the time. Because of her strongly political art, she and others left their order to create the Immaculate Heart Community in 1970 to avoid problems with their archdiocese.
The “Big G” logo that Sister Corita took from General Mills was to stress the idea of ‘goodness’, while the elements stolen from Esso gasoline ads were meant to project the internal power within humans. Unsurprisingly, a Christian subtext does underscore several of her artworks, but not all, which are open to interpretation.
One of Sister Corita’s prints, love your brother (1969), depicts photographs of Martin Luther King Jr. overlaid with her handwritten words, “The king is dead. Love your brother,” outlining one of her more serious artworks, and presenting her views on politics and human nature. Sister Mary Corita’s collages took popular images, often with twisted or reversed words, to comment on the political unrest of the time period, many of which could have been found at any number of marches or demonstrations, some of which she attended herself.
The Corita Art Center, a gallery and archive dedicated to preserving and promoting the work and spirit of Corita Kent, is located on the campus of Immaculate Heart High School in Los Feliz, Los Angeles.
Corita Kent's papers are held at the Schlesinger Library, in Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University.
Corita Kent's work is held by several art museums and private collectors including The Whitney, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, and The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York.
Partial list of publications
- 1967 Footnotes and Headlines: A Play-Pray Book, Sister Corita
- 1968 To Believe in God, poem by Joseph Pintauro, color by Sister Corita
- 1969 city, uncity, poems by Gerald Huckaby, pages by Corita Kent
- 1970 Damn Everything but the Circus, Corita Kent
- 1992 Learning By Heart: Teachings to Free the Creative Spirit, Corita Kent (posthumously) and Jan Steward
- 2000 "Life Stories of Artist Corita Kent (1918–1986): Her Spirit, Her Art, the Woman Within" (Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Gonzaga University), Barbara Loste
- Eye, No. 35, Vol. 9, edited by John L. Walters, Quantum Publishing, 2000.
- 2006 Come Alive! The Spirited Art of Sister Corita, Julie Ault
- Let the Sun Shine In – A Retrospective, Solo Show, Circle Culture Gallery, Berlin, Germany
- Corita Kent, Solo Show, Galerie Allen, Paris, France
- Someday Is Now: The Art of Corita Kent, Solo Show, Museum of Contemporary Art, Cleveland, US
- The Gospel According to Corita Kent, Solo Show, Parson House Gallery, Assonet, US
- The Corita Kent Exhibition, Solo Show, The Herb Alpert Educational Village, Santa Monica, US
- There Will Be New Rules Next Week, Solo Show, Dundee Contemporary Arts Center, Dundee, Scotland
- Someday Is Now: The Art of Corita Kent, Solo Show,
- Tang Museum, Saratoga Springs, US
- Tell It to My Heart, Group Show, Museum fur Gegenwartskunst, Basel, Switzerland
- Culturgest, Group Show, Lisbon, Portugal
- Artists Space, Group Show, New York, US
- Decade of Dissent: Democracy in Action 1965-1976, Group Show, Santa Monica Art Studios, Santa Monica, US
- Letters from Los Angeles: Text in Southern California Art, Group Show, Los Angeles Convention Center, L.A., US
- Air de Pied-à-terre, Group Show, Lisa Cooley Gallery, New York, US
- Elements, Rudiments, and Principles, Group Show, Boston University Art Gallery, Boston, US